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INTRODUCTION

In the current technological age, the capacity to produce and export advanced technology has become a goal of many countries and through technology transfers and the shift in production to developing countries due to labour costs, more and more countries are becoming major hi-tech exporters. It's important to note that hi-tech exports per capita doesn't necessarily reflect overall hi-tech production as larger countries particularly find it easier to sell to domestic markets. This page is about hi-tech exports by country. 

 

Charts

1. Hi-Tech Exports 1992 - 2016 for 5 Biggest Advanced Economies & China

2. Hi-Tech Exports Per Capita 1992 - 2016 for 5 Biggest Advanced Economies & China

3. Top 10 Hi-Tech Exporters Per Capita in 2016 with population over 60 million

Data Table

4. Total and Per Capita Hi-Tech Exports by Country from 1992 - 2016 for Most Populated Countries

The graph for hi-tech exports for 6 selected countries from 1992 to 2016 in 8 year periods. Below is a graph for per capita hi-tech exports for 5 countries.

 

China's hi-tech exports have risen substantially over the period as foreign companies such as Apple have moved their production facilities to China. China now has over double the 2nd biggest hi-tech exporter, Germany. Of the major developed countries, only Germany has seen a significant increase. Most of Germany's exports are in engineering. France has seen a milder increase. The two leading hi-tech exporters in 1992, USA and Japan, have seen similar pattern of decline after peaking in 2000.

In per capita terms, Germany is the dominant hi-tech exporter of the major countries emerging as dominant in the 20th century. China, not shown on the graph, is below all the countries shown in per capita terms.

DATA TABLE
4. Total and Per Capita Hi-Tech Exports by Country from 1992 - 2016 for Most Populated Countries
Country
1992 Hi-tech exports ($1000)
1992 Per Capita ($)
2000 Hi-tech exports ($1000)
2000 Per Capita ($)
2008 Hi-tech exports ($1000)
2008 Per Capita ($)
2016 Hi-tech exports ($1000)
2016 Per Capita ($)
China
7,361,591
6.32
58,169,696
46.07
379,143,175
286.22
496,007,481
359.77
India
1,052,474
1.16
2,874,632
2.73
8,626,325
7.21
13,335,887
10.07
U.S.
179,108,706
698.24
275,221,977
975.4
246,228,893
809.71
153,186,967
473.67
Indonesia
844,765
4.50
8,048,206
38.05
6,423,900
27.2
3,947,115
15.12
Brazil
1,723,186
11.15
8,349,243
47.63
11,465,727
59.41
9,775,328
47.08
Pakistan
3,316
0.03
41,807
0.3
301,526
1.84
303,837
1.57
Nigeria
N/A
N/A
461
0
20,355
0.14
7,344
0.04
Russia
N/A
N/A
5,446,791
37.15
5,653,180
39.6
6,639,583
46
Mexico
6,309,486
71.03
43,450,000
427.15
37,218,054
327.45
46,809,600
367.02
Japan
134,170,227
1,080.02
179,659,858
1,416.40
133,674,083
1,043.82
92,883,136
731.39
Philippines
1,900,773
29.21
35,200,770
451.34
29,974,599
330.29
26,139,673
253
Ethiopia
N/A
N/A
82
0
3,995
0.05
29,793
0.29
Egypt
N/A
N/A
7,792
0.11
102,443
1.27
52,092
0.54
Germany
82,229,843
1,019.91
119,225,175
1,450.22
178,148,406
2,169.63
189,646,012
2,302.96
Turkey
211,036
3.79
1,501,890
23.75
1,873,631
26.6
2,182,767
27.45
Thailand
8,174,020
141.33
24,102,502
382.83
34,894,828
524.37
34,720,646
504.2
France
57,031,818
969.08
81,905,029
1,344.63
102,534,148
1,592.76
103,839,762
1,553.10
U.K.
59,655,185
1,036.03
99,957,600
1,697.29
67,405,874
1,090.59
68,279,841
1,040.92
Italy
22,915,893
403.47
28,029,743
492.25
32,119,028
545.99
27,905,532
460.28
South Africa
715,641
18.18
1,380,569
30.19
2,200,540
43.65
1,906,054
34.03
Tanzania
N/A
N/A
1,732
0.05
12,544
0.29
15,625
0.28
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