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mount everest climbers

INTRODUCTION

Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world and therefore the scaling of Everest has been one of the ultimate feats for mankind. The following charts show the most common occupations of people who reached the summit of Mount Everest. There are also charts showing the most common occupations in certain nationalities and among female climbers. Also shown are the most common nationalities between 1953 to 1975 and from 1953 to 1989.  

Charts

1. Most Common Occupations of Everest Summitters 1953 - 1989

2. Most Common Occupations of Everest Summitters

3. Most Common Nationality of Everest Summitters 1953 - 1989

4. Most Common Nationality of Everest Summitters 1953 - 1975

5. Most Common Occupations of American Everest Summitters

6. Most Common Occupations of British Everest Summitters

7. Most Common Occupations of Indian Everest Summitters

8. Most Common Occupations of Chinese Everest Summitters

9. Most Common Occupations of Female Everest Summitters

Data Table

10. Nationality, Occupation, Age and Gender of Mount Everest Summitters 1953-1989

I looked at 1953 – 1989 because climbing Everest became much easier in the 1990s. The two leading occupations, Alpine guide and high-altitude porter, are related to mountain climbing. It's not surprising that two such occupations are first and second. Occupations not directly related to mountain climbing, physician is the most common. This is perhaps related to their understanding of the human body and what it can endure and how to remain in the right condition. The first physician to climb Everest was American anesthesiologist Thomas Frederick Hornbein. Engineers are also quite common among summiteers. The first engineer to climb Everest was the Swiss oxygen expert Juerg P. Marmet who reached the summit in 1956. The 4 individuals with occupation listed as "officer worker" shows that people from regular lower middle class occupations have also been among those who have climbed to the top of Everest in this period. 

Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest in 1953.

Photo by Jamling Tenzing Norgay

Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0

For the total period, from 1953 – present, students have become the most common group along with physicians among non-professional mountaineers. Student climbers became much more common in the 90s. However professional mountaineers remain by far the dominant group. Engineers, along with physicians, have remained the most common non-mountaineering profession among successful Everest climbers over the longer period as well. 

Jürg Marmet was part of the Swiss pair, along with Ernst Schmied, who reached the summit on 23rd May 1956. They were the first after Hillary and Norgay. Marmet was a chemical engineer by profession.

Photo by Ernst Schmied

Nepalese climbers and climbers from developed countries such as USA, Japan and countries of western Europe surpassed China and India by the end of the 80s as groups of well financed expeditions of western climbers used local Nepalese sherpas in their expeditions.

Kami Rita, a Nepalese sherpa, has reached the summit of Everest a record 24 times. 

Photo taken from Smithsonian Magazine

In the first 20 years, climbing Everest was dominated by climbers from Asian countries with China, India, Nepal and Japan being the top 4 in that order. However climbers from western countries were well represented too. The top western European country is Italy with 5 climbers and 2nd is Switzerland with 4. Italy and Switzerland together encompass much of the Alpine region so it's unsurprising they produce many mountain climbers since they grow up in close proximity to a large mountain range. Switzerland is notable since it's a small country but had 4 climbers between 1953 and 1975, one less than the USA which had around 20 times the population of Switzerland. The 4 Swiss climbers comprised of two pairs who reached the summit on 23th and 24th May 1956. They were the first to reach the summit after the Edmund Hilary and Tenzing Norgay made the famous first summit in 1953. 

Professional mountaineering occupations such as alpine guides are most common. Upper middle class occupations such as Physicians, Attorneys, Engineers and Bankers are the most common occupations among non-professional mountaineers. This is mostly due to the expenses of training and climbing Everest. 

The occupational profile of British Everest Summitters is similar to Americans. Upper middle class occupations such as physicians represent a high proportion of British Everest Summitters too. Professional mountaineers are a lower proportion of British summitters than Americans. 

The original expedition to Everest in 1953 was largely a British expedition although no Brits actually made it to the summit with Edmund Hilary (New Zealand) and Tenzing Norgay. The first Britons to climb to the top of Everest were Dougal Haston, Director of International School of Mountaineering, and Doug Scott, a school teacher. They reached the summit 24th September 1975. 

Students and military personel are the most common groups for Indian summitters. Among the 4 countries examined here, Indian Everest summitters are far less likely to be professional mountaineers than American, British or Chinese climbers. 

The first person with Indian nationality to reach the summit was Tibetan born Nawang Gombu. The first Indian born person to reach the summit was Avtar Singh Cheema, a Major in the Indian Army, on 20th May 1965. He reached the summit with Nawang Gombu who became the first person to reach the summit of Everest twice.

Photo by Alfred Gregory/RGS

Tibetan born Nawang Gombu was the first person with Indian nationality to reach the summit of Everest. He also became the first person to reach the summit twice when he was part of the 1965 Indian expedition. 

Wang Fuzhou, who was part of the 1960 Chinese Mount Everest expedition, graduated from the Beijing Institute of Geology in 1958.   

There is less available data for occupations of Chinese summitters. The information available shows a higher proportion of businessmen than students, physicians or engineers. However professional mountaineers are the most common group as with America and Britain.

On 25th May 1960, Wang Fuzhou, Qu Yinhua and Gongbu (Tibetan) became the first people from Chinese team to reach the summit. They were the first ever to reach the summit from the north side. 

The first woman to reach the summit of Everest was Japanese housewife Junko Tabei in 1975. Just 11 days later, Tibeten female climber, Ms Phantog (Phandu, Pando), reached the top of Everest. Professional mountaineering occupations such as alpine guides represent a much smaller proportion of female climbers than male climbers. Students represent a higher proportion of female Everest summitters than male summitters. Students, physicians, engineers and attorneys are well represented as they are with males. Housewives and nurses are also common among female climbers. 

Junko Tabei, of Japan, was the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest in 1975.

Photo by Jaan Künnap

Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 

10. Nationality, Occupation, Age and Gender of Mount Everest Summitters 1953-1989
Date
Name
Nationality
Occupation
Age
Gender
29/05/53
Edmund Percival Hillary
New Zealand
Apiarist & alpinist
33
M
29/05/53
Tenzing Norgay
Nepal & India
39
M
23/05/56
Juerg P. Marmet
Switzerland
Engineer (oxygen expert)
28
M
23/05/56
Ernst Schmied
Switzerland
Business executive
31
M
24/05/56
Adolf (Dolf) Reist
Switzerland
Photographer & aircraft mechanic
35
M
24/05/56
Hans-Rudolf Von Gunten
Switzerland
Chemist
27
M
25/05/60
Gombu (Konbu)
China
25
M
25/05/60
Ying-Hua Qu
China
25
M
25/05/60
Fu-Chou Wang
China
24
M
01/05/63
James W. (Jim) Whittaker
USA
Manager, Recreational Equipment Inc, Seattle retail co-op
34
M
01/05/63
Nawang Gombu
India (2)
Instructor, Himalayan Mountaineering Institute
26
M
22/05/63
Barry Chapman Bishop
USA
Photographer & geographer, National Geographic Society
31
M
22/05/63
Luther Gerald (Lute) Jerstad
USA
Speech instructor, University of Oregon alpine guide
26
M
22/05/63
Thomas Frederick Hornbein
USA
Physician (anesthesiologist)
32
M
22/05/63
William Francis (Willi) Unsoeld
USA
University professor of philosophy & religion, deputy director
36
M
20/05/65
Autar Singh Cheema
India
Major, Indian Army
27
M
22/05/65
Sonam Gyatso
India
42
M
22/05/65
Sonam Wangyal
India
23
M
24/05/65
Ang Kami Sherpa
India
0
M
24/05/65
C. P. Vohra
India
30
M
29/05/65
Hari Pal Singh Ahluwalia
India
Captain, Indian Army
27
M
29/05/65
Harish Chandra Singh Rawat
India
30
M
29/05/65
Phu Dorje Sherpa (Khumjung)
Nepal
39
M
11/05/70
Teruo Matsuura
Japan
36
M
11/05/70
Naomi Uemura
Japan
29
M
12/05/70
Katsutoshi Hirabayashi
Japan
35
M
12/05/70
Chotare Sherpa (Namche Bazar)
Nepal
37
M
05/05/73
Rinaldo Carrel
Italy
Alpine guide
21
M
05/05/73
Mirko Minuzzo
Italy
Alpine guide
26
M
05/05/73
Lhakpa Tenzing Sherpa (Namche Bazar)
Nepal
32
M
05/05/73
Shambu Tamang (Lisankhu) (2)
Nepal
17
M
07/05/73
Claudio Benedetti
Italy
Alpine & ski instructor in Military School of Aosta
27
M
07/05/73
Virginio Epis
Italy
Alpine & ski instructor in Military School of Aosta
41
M
07/05/73
Fabrizio Innamorati
Italy
Ski & alpine instructor in the Military School
30
M
07/05/73
Sonam Gyaltzen Sherpa (Bagam)
Nepal
29
M
26/10/73
Hisashi Ishiguro
Japan
Office worker
28
M
26/10/73
Yasuo Kato (3)
Japan
Student of university
24
M
16/05/75
Ms. Junko Tabei
Japan
Housewife
35
F
16/05/75
Ang Tshering Sherpa (Namche Bazar)
Nepal
25
M
27/05/75
Da Phuntsok (Darphuntso)
China
30
M
27/05/75
Kunga Pasang (Gonga Basang)
China
27
M
27/05/75
Lhotse (Louze)
China
36
M
27/05/75
Ngapo Khyen (Abu Qin)
China
18
M
27/05/75
Ms. Phantog (Phandu, Pando)
China
36
F
27/05/75
Samdrup (Samdruk)
China
Alpinist
22
M
27/05/75
Sonam Norbu
China
28
M
27/05/75
Tsering Tobgyal
China
0
M
27/05/75
Sheng-Fu Hou
China
35
M
24/09/75
Dougal Haston
UK
Director of International School of Mountaineering, Leysin
33
M
24/09/75
Douglas Keith (Doug) Scott
UK
School teacher, writer and photographer
34
M
26/09/75
Peter David Boardman
UK
National officer, British Mountaineering Council
24
M
26/09/75
Pertemba Sherpa (Khumjung) (3)
Nepal
27
M
16/05/76
Michael P. (Bronco) Lane
UK
Royal Artillery (Corporal)
30
M
16/05/76
John Henry (Brummie) Stokes
UK
Royal Green Jackets (Sergeant)
30
M
08/10/76
Chris H. Chandler
USA
Physician
28
M
08/10/76
Robert (Bob) Cormack
USA
Pilot
30
M
15/09/77
Sang-Don Ko
S Korea
Works for Korean state cigarette monopoly
28
M
15/09/77
Pemba Nurbu/Norbu Sherpa (Namche Bazar)
Nepal
28
M
03/05/78
Wolfgang Nairz
Austria
Staff member, Austrian Alpine Club
33
M
03/05/78
Horst Bergmann
Austria
Owns & manages motor car body repair shop & cameraman
36
M
03/05/78
Hans Robert Schauer (3)
Austria
Alpine guide
24
M
03/05/78
Ang Phu Sherpa (Khumjung) (2)
Nepal
27
M
08/05/78
Peter Habeler
Austria
Alpine guide & ski Instructor
35
M
08/05/78
Reinhold Messner (2)
Italy
33
M
11/05/78
Reinhard Karl
W Germany
Student
31
M
11/05/78
Oswald Oelz
Austria
Staff of the Univ. Hospital
35
M
14/05/78
Franz Oppurg
Austria
Alpine guide
29
M
14/10/78
Josef Mack
W Germany
Dental surgeon
28
M
14/10/78
Hubert Hillmaier
W Germany
Alpine guide
34
M
14/10/78
Hans Engl
W Germany
Carpenter
34
M
15/10/78
Jean Afanassieff
France
Alpine guide
25
M
15/10/78
Nicolas Jaeger
France
Alpine guide & physician (mountaineering medicine)
31
M
15/10/78
Pierre Mazeaud
France
Former Minister of Youth and Sports/former member of parliament
49
M
15/10/78
Kurt Diemberger
Austria
Alpine guide & cameraman
46
M
16/10/78
Siegfried (Sigi) Hupfauer
W Germany
Alpine guide
37
M
16/10/78
Ms. Wanda Rutkiewicz
Poland
Electronics engineer
35
F
16/10/78
Robert Allenbach
Switzerland
Machine-tools salesman
28
M
16/10/78
Wilhelm Klimek
W Germany
Installs heating & cooling equipment in buildings
37
M
16/10/78
Ang Dorje Sherpa (Thamo) (2)
Nepal
29
M
16/10/78
Ang Kami Sherpa (Tsermadingma) (2)
Nepal
0
M
16/10/78
Mingma Nuru Sherpa (Khumjung)
Nepal
0
M
17/10/78
Bernd Kullmann
W Germany
Student (biology & physical education)
24
M
17/10/78
Georg Ritter
W Germany
Surveyor
31
M
13/05/79
Andrej Stremfelj (2)
Yugoslavia
Student of physical education
22
M
13/05/79
Jernej (Nejc) Zaplotnik
Yugoslavia
Teacher
27
M
15/05/79
Stanislav (Stane) Belak-Srauf
Yugoslavia
Mechanical technician
38
M
15/05/79
Stipe Bozic (2)
Yugoslavia
Mechanical engineer
28
M
01/10/79
Gerhard Schmatz
W Germany
Attorney
50
M
01/10/79
Johann (Hans) Von Kaenel
Switzerland
Head of department in sporting-goods shop
38
M
01/10/79
Hermann Warth
W Germany
University lecturer in political science
38
M
01/10/79
Lhakpa Gyalzen/Gyalu Sherpa (Phortse)
Nepal
30
M
02/10/79
Nicholas Victor Aloysius (Nick) Banks
New Zealand
Alpine instructor
27
M
02/10/79
Tilman Fischbach
W Germany
Holds a diploma as a chemist & is candidate for medical degree
31
M
02/10/79
Raymond Edward (Ray) Genet
USA
Alpine guide
48
M
02/10/79
Guenter Kaempfe
W Germany
Mechanical engineer
46
M
02/10/79
Ms. Hannelore Schmatz
W Germany
Housewife
39
F
02/10/79
Ang Jangbu (Ang Jambu) Sherpa (Pangboche)
Nepal
21
M
02/10/79
Ang Phurba Sherpa (Namche Bazar)
Nepal
22
M
02/10/79
Sungdare Sherpa (Pangboche) (5)
Nepal
24
M
17/02/80
Leszek Cichy
Poland
Geodesic engineer
28
M
17/02/80
Krzysztof Wielicki
Poland
Electronics engineer
30
M
10/05/80
Tsuneo Shigehiro
Japan
Sporting goods salesman
32
M
10/05/80
Takashi Ozaki (2)
Japan
Employee of Kameyama-Automobile Co.
27
M
14/05/80
Martin Zabaleta Larburu
Spain
Works in Uriarte's trekking company leading treks overseas
30
M
14/05/80
Pasang Temba Sherpa (Ghat)
Nepal
29
M
19/05/80
Andrzej (Leszek) Czok
Poland
Electronics engineer
31
M
19/05/80
Jerzy Kukuczka
Poland
Mechanical engineer
32
M
21/10/81
Christopher M. (Kris) Kopczynski
USA
Building contractor
33
M
24/10/81
Christopher J. (Chris) Pizzo
USA
Physician
32
M
24/10/81
Young/Yong Tenzing Sherpa (Namche Bazar)
Nepal
28
M
24/10/81
Peter Harvey Hackett
USA
Physician
33
M
04/05/82
Vladimir Sergeevich Balyberdin (2)
USSR
Senior engineer
32
M
04/05/82
Eduard Vikentevich Myslovsky
USSR
Senior researcher, State Machine Building Institute
44
M
04/05/82
Sergei Igorevich Bershov (3)
USSR
House painter
35
M
04/05/82
Mikhail Mikhailovich Turkevich
USSR
Senior instructor, Mountaineering club "Donbass"
29
M
05/05/82
Sergei Borisovich Efimov
USSR
Instructor (Sverdlovsk)
38
M
05/05/82
Valentin Andreevich Ivanov
USSR
Department chief, Designing Bureau
40
M
08/05/82
Valeri Nikolaevich Khrishchati
USSR
Engineer and geologist
30
M
08/05/82
Kazbek Shakimovich Valiev
USSR
Senior engineer, seismology institute, Acadamy of Sciences
29
M
09/05/82
Yuri Fedorovich Golodov
USSR
Senior researcher, Fish-breeding Research Institute
38
M
09/05/82
Valeri Vasipevich Khomutov
USSR
Department chief (Moscow Radio Research Institute)
40
M
09/05/82
Vladimir Nikolaevich Puchkov
USSR
Mechanic, plant named after M. I. Kalinin
33
M
05/10/82
Laurie Skreslet
Canada
Alpine guide
32
M
05/10/82
Lhakpa Dorje Sherpa (Khunde) (2)
Nepal
27
M
07/10/82
Patrick (Pat) Morrow
Canada
Photographer
29
M
07/10/82
Lhakpa Tshering Sherpa (Khunde) (4)
Nepal
26
M
07/10/82
Pema Dorje Sherpa (Khumjung) (3)
Nepal
23
M
07/05/83
David Finlay Breashears (5)
USA
Film-maker
27
M
07/05/83
Peter Jamieson
USA
Manager, mountaineering-equipment shop
27
M
07/05/83
Gerard A. (Gerry) Roach
USA
Computer scientist
39
M
07/05/83
Ang Rita Sherpa (Yilajung) (10)
Nepal
High-altitude porter
34
M
07/05/83
Lawrence Darius (Larry) Nielson
USA
School teacher
35
M
14/05/83
Gary R. Neptune
USA
Sells mountaineering equipment
37
M
14/05/83
James H. (Jim) States
USA
Physician
37
M
14/05/83
Lhakpa Dorje Sherpa (Phortse)
Nepal
25
M
08/10/83
Carlos Paltenghe Rockhold Buhler
USA
Alpine guide
28
M
08/10/83
Kim A. Momb
USA
Construction worker
27
M
08/10/83
Louis French (Lou) Reichardt
USA
Professor of neurobiology
41
M
08/10/83
Haruichi Kawamura
Japan
Designer, mountaineering clothing and equipment
35
M
08/10/83
Shomi Suzuki
Japan
Alpine guide
30
M
08/10/83
Haruyuki Endo
Japan
Civil engineer
26
M
08/10/83
Hiroshi Yoshino
Japan
Salesman, mountaineering equipment shop
33
M
08/10/83
Hironobu Kamuro
Japan
Buddhist monk
31
M
09/10/83
George Henry Lowe
USA
Physicist
39
M
09/10/83
Jay L. Cassell
USA
35
M
09/10/83
Daniel Allen (Dan) Reid
USA
Cardio-thoracic surgeon
41
M
16/12/83
Noboru Yamada (3)
Japan
Electrical engineer
33
M
16/12/83
Kazunari Murakami
Japan
Plumber
28
M
16/12/83
Nawang Yonden Sherpa (Beding)
Nepal
Alpine guide
31
M
20/04/84
Christo Ivanov Prodanov
Bulgaria
Metallurgical engineer
41
M
08/05/84
Metodi Stefanov Savov
Bulgaria
Television cameraman
36
M
08/05/84
Ivan Georgiev Valtchev
Bulgaria
Mechanical engineer
36
M
09/05/84
Kiril Dimitrov Doskov
Bulgaria
Student, geology and geography
25
M
09/05/84
Nikolay Mihaylov Petkov (2)
Bulgaria
Student (Sofia University)
25
M
09/05/84
Phu Dorjee Sherpa
India
Alpine instructor
34
M
23/05/84
Ms. Bachendri Pal
India
Teacher, physical education
29
F
23/05/84
Dorje Lhatoo Sherpa
India
Alpine instructor
39
M
23/05/84
Sonam Palzor Sarapa
India
Company commander of Indian Border Police
40
M
03/10/84
Timothy John Macartney-Snape (2)
Australia
28
M
03/10/84
Gregory (Greg) Mortimer
Australia
Geologist
31
M
15/10/84
Zoltan Demjan
Czechoslovakia
Geologist
29
M
15/10/84
Jozef Psotka
Czechoslovakia
Electronics and physics teacher, high school
50
M
20/10/84
Philip Michael (Phil) Ershler (2)
USA
Alpine guide
33
M
21/04/85
Christian John Storey (Chris) Bonington
UK
Alpinist
50
M
21/04/85
Odd Eliassen
Norway
Master carpenter
40
M
21/04/85
Bjorn Age Myrer-Lund
Norway
Student
33
M
21/04/85
Dawa Norbu Sherpa (Yilajung)
Nepal
High-altitude porter
27
M
21/04/85
Lhakpa Dorje (Ang Lhakpa) Sherpa (Khunde)
Nepal
High-altitude porter
26
M
29/04/85
Arne Ludwig R. Naess Jr.
Norway
Shipping executive
47
M
29/04/85
Stein P. Aasheim
Norway
Journalist
34
M
29/04/85
Ralph Hoibakk
Norway
Computer specialist
47
M
29/04/85
Havard Nesheim
Norway
Physician
29
M
29/04/85
Chowang Rinzi Sherpa (Namche Bazar)
Nepal
High-altitude porter
35
M
30/04/85
Richard Daniel (Dick) Bass
USA
Oil geologist
55
M
30/04/85
Ang Phurba Sherpa (Thami) (3)
Nepal
High-altitude porter
23
M
28/08/85
Oscar Cadiach Puig (2)
Spain
Shopkeeper (mountaineering & skiing equipment)
32
M
28/08/85
Antoni Sors Ferrer
Spain
35
M
28/08/85
Carles Valles Ocana
Spain
Shoe salesman
27
M
28/08/85
Ang Karma Sherpa (Dhorphu)
Nepal
26
M
28/08/85
Narayan Kumar Shrestha
Nepal
25
M
30/10/85
Etsuo Akutsu
Japan
Cameraman
47
M
30/10/85
Satoshi Kimoto
Japan
Quality-control inspector in factory
29
M
30/10/85
Hideji Nazuka (2)
Japan
Truck driver
30
M
30/10/85
Teruo Saegusa (2)
Japan
Office worker
28
M
30/10/85
Mitsuyoshi Sato
Japan
Warehouse worker
24
M
30/10/85
Kuniaki Yagihara
Japan
Telephone technician
38
M
20/05/86
Dwayne Congdon
Canada
Alpine guide & alpinist
29
M
20/05/86
Ms. Sharon Wood
Canada
Alpinist & instructor
29
F
30/08/86
Erhard Loretan
Switzerland
Alpine guide
27
M
30/08/86
Jean Fernand Troillet
Switzerland
Alpine guide
38
M
22/12/87
Young-Ho Heo (5)
S Korea
Office worker
33
M
05/05/88
Tsering Dorje (Cerin Duoji) (2)
China
Peasant
27
M
05/05/88
Lhakpa Nuru (Ang Lhakpa) Sherpa (Khunde) (2)
Nepal
Alpinist
24
M
05/05/88
Zhi-Xin Li
China
Chinese Mountaineering Association, staff member
25
M
05/05/88
Lhakpa Sona Sherpa (Phortse)
Nepal
27
M
05/05/88
Munehiko Yamamoto
Japan
Staff member, junior high shcool
28
M
05/05/88
Shoji Nakamura
Japan
45
M
05/05/88
Susumu Nakamura
Japan
42
M
05/05/88
Rinchen Phuntsok (Rinchen Phinzo)
China
Vice leader, Tibetan mountaineering team
44
M
05/05/88
Da Ciren (Da Cering)
China
Alpinist
37
M

Source

https://www.upeverest.com/summitteers

Charts created using OpenOffice Calc.

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